Papers and publications on
Statistical Literacy, Reasoning, and Thinking
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Ben-Zvi, D. and Garfield, J. (Eds.) (2004)
  Challenges in developing Statistical Reasoning, thinking and literacy. Kluwer Pubis hers, The Netherlands.
Chance, B. L. (2002)
  "Components of Statistical Thinking and Implications for Instruction and Assessment" Journal of Statistics Education [Online], 10(3)
Cobb, G. W. (1997)
  Mere literacy is not enough. In L. A. Steen (Ed.), Why numbers count: Quantitative literacy for tomorrow’s America (pp. 75-90). New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
delMas, R., Garfield, J., and Chance, B. (2003)
  The Web-Based ARTIST Project. Invited paper, Joint Statistical Meetings, San Francisco.
delMas, R. C. (2002)
  "Statistical Literacy, Reasoning, and Learning" Journal of Statistics Education [Online], 10(3)
delMas, R. C. (2002)
  "Statistical Literacy, Reasoning, and Learning: A Commentary" Journal of Statistics Education [Online], 10(3)
Gal, I. (2002)
  Adults’ statistical literacy: Meanings, components, responsibilities. International Statistical Review, 70, 1-51.
Garfield, J. (2002)
  "The Challenge of Developing Statistical Reasoning" Journal of Statistics Education [Online], 10(3)
Garfield, J. & Gal, I. (1999)
  Teaching and Assessing Statistical Reasoning. In L. Stiff (ed.) Developing Mathematical Reasoning in Grades K-12: National Council Teachers of Mathematics 1999 Yearbook, 207-219. View this chapter.
Jones, G. A., Langrall, C. W., Thornton, C. A., & Mogill, A. T. (1997)
  A framework for assessing and nurturing young children’s thinking in probability. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 32, 101-125.
Jones, G. A., Thornton, C. A., Langrall, C. W., Mooney, E. S., Perry, B., & Putt, I. J. (2000)
  A framework for characterizing children's statistical thinking. Mathematical Thinking and Learning 2, 269-307.
Lovett, M. (2001)
  A collaborative convergence on studying reasoning processes: A case study in statistics. In S. M. Carver and D. Klahr (Eds.), Cognition and Instruction:Twenty-Five Years of Progress, 347-384. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Rumsey, D. J. (2002)
  "Statistical Literacy as a Goal for Introductory Statistics Courses" Journal of Statistics Education [Online], 10(3)
Sedlmeier, P. (1999)
  Improving Statistical Reasoning: Theoretical Models and Practical Implication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Wallman, K. K. (1993)
  Enhancing statistical literacy: Enriching our society. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 88, No. 421, 1-8.
Wild, C. J., & Pfannkuch, M. (1999)
  “Statistical Thinking in Empirical Enquiry,” International Statistical Review, 67, 223-265.


Copyright 2006 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. This page is subject to change without notice. Last modified: June 9, 2006. For questions or comments, contact Bob delMas at